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Home > Resources > PAF Publications > PAF Guides & Major Publications > A Healthier African Am Community > Cancers > Prostate Cancer

African Americans and Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer is the most common cancer found in African American men and is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in African American men. Prostate cancer is the fourth leading cause of death among African American men over age 45. African American men have higher rates of being diagnosed and dying from prostate cancer than men of other racial or ethnic groups in the United States. This may be due to in part to cultural, environmental factors and the biology of the disease in African American men.

Signs and Symptoms:
Many men with prostate cancer often have no symptoms. If symptoms do appear, they can include:
  • Blood in urine
  • Need to urinate frequently, especially at night
  • Weak or interrupted urine flow
  • Pain or burning feeling while urinating
  • The inability to urinate
  • Constant pain in lower back, pelvis or upper thighs

Risk Factors:
  • Family History
  • Chance of being diagnosed increases with age
  • Diet high in animal fats


Prevention/Best Defense
  • Annual medical exam beginning at age 45 to include digital rectal exam
  • Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test beginning at age 50 (unless you are in a high risk category) or as recommended by your health care professional